Animal Management Products 
"Supplying professional Animal Management products since 1964" 
 
 
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Groundhogs 
 
DESCRIPTION 
 
Groundhogs, also known as Woodchucks or Marmots, are large, ground-dwelling rodents, having a broad head, heavy body, short legs and a short, flattened tail. The fur is coarse , dark brown or grey with a frosted appearance. The total length may be up to 32 ins (82 cm), weight is variable but can be up to 12 lbs (5.5 kgs). They are found throughout the Midwest and Northeast of North America. 
One litter, of 2-9, is born per year; the young come out of the den to feed when 4-6 weeks old 
ECONOMICS 
Groundhogs are a problem in suburban and rural areas; they invade gardens to feed on vegetables and plants. These animals may establish their burrows under buildings in rural areas. 
 
Groundhogs are agricultural pests, eating corn, barley, oats, wheat, peas, beans, melons and other crops; their trampling causes as much loss as the amount of food consumed. They climb and damage trees to get at fruit. 
 
The mounds of earth pushed from their burrows are unsightly and horses and farm animals may be injured by stepping into their burrows; these burrows can cause cave-ins of embankments and roads. 
 
Groundhogs have been implicated in the spread of Plague, Tularemia and Spotted Fever. The Groundhog tick (Ixodes cookei), which infests Groundhogs occasionally migrates into human dwellings. 
 
HABITS 
Groundhogs rarely move more than 100 yards from their dens or other refuge; they feed mainly in early morning or later afternoon. Their food includes leaves, flowers, buds and soft stems, tree barks and fruits; about one per cent of their diet is insects. Groundhogs can consume up to one-third of their weight per day. 
 
Groundhogs are true hibernators, sometimes spending as much three-quarters of their lives sleeping. Their burrows may go down as deep as 6 feet, there are always 2 or more entrances; most of the time they are solitary animals and apparently show no strong territorial defense of feeding areas. 
 
It's size and the ferocity with which it will fight when cornered means it has very few enemies. 
 
CONTROL 
Groundhogs are difficult to trap and may not enter regular enclosed live trap; a more effective trap is the "Universal" Trap 53000 which can be placed over any ground entrance. A Trap Cover is available for use with this trap. 
Catch Pole snares may also be used effectively in conjunction with trapping. 
 
 
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